Sat 05 Mar 2022

How the ERC works

The 2022 FIA European Rally Championship kicks-off in northern Portugal from 11-13 March when Rally Serras de Fafe - Felgueiras - Cabreira e Boticas hosts the opening round of another eagerly anticipated season.

For the first time, every stage from all eight rounds will be streamed live and on demand for fans to watch whenever, wherever and however they want through WRC Promoter’s WRC+ streaming platform at

Although the ERC has been at the forefront of international rallying since 1953, to provide a refresher for fans new or returning to the championship, is revving up for Fafe with a series of quick guides. Up first is an overview of how it all works.


The ERC is made up of three main categories, ERC (for Rally2 cars), ERC3 (for Rally3 cars) and ERC4 (for Rally4 and Rally5 cars). There’s also ERC4 Junior for drivers 27 and under on 1 January 2022 in Rally4 or Rally5 cars using Pirelli tyres.

ERC Open, which is new for 2022 but doesn’t carry an FIA title, is for Rally2 Kit, RGT and Group N4 cars. The Clio Trophy by Toksport WRT is an arrive-and-drive series held over five ERC rounds for the Renault Clio Rally5. The ERC-MICHELIN Talent Factory is an incentive scheme covering the first six rounds for drivers under 28 competing in Rally2 cars on MICHELIN tyres.


Events are held over four days. The first one and a half days are taken up with reconnaissance. The focus then swiftly turns to Free Practice and the Qualifying Stage for Rally2 drivers. They get two runs in Free Practice and a single run over the Qualifying Stage, the results of which are used to help set the starting order for leg one. All other drivers complete their rally preparations in shakedown, which starts once the Qualifying Stage has finished. The end of day two is usually filled with a ceremonial start or superspecial stage ahead of two full days of rally action. From 2022, all ERC events will be decided on the event-closing Power Stage.


Points are awarded to the top 15 finishers in each category on the following descending scale: 1st = 30 points; 2nd = 24; 3 = 21; 4 = 19; 5 = 17; 6 = 15; 7 = 13; 8 = 11; 9 = 9; 10 = 7; 11 = 5; 4 = 12; 13 = 3; 14 = 2; 15 = 1. In ERC, ERC3 and ERC4 drivers count their best seven scores from a possible eight. In ERC4 Junior it’s five rounds from six. The fastest five drivers on the Power Stage score points on a descending scale as follows: 1st = 5 points; 2 = 4; 3 = 3; 4 = 2; 5 = 1.

To score points in the FIA European Rally Championship for Teams, competitors must register in ERC, ERC3 or ERC4 under a team name. A maximum of three cars may be registered for the purpose of scoring Team points. A registered Team can score points with the two best placed cars of its Team in the final classification of each rally. For the purpose of calculating points, cars driven by ERC4 priority drivers will score points within their own group.


The following titles are up for grabs in 2022:

FIA European Championship for Drivers, Co-Drivers and Teams
FIA ERC3 for Drivers and Co-Drivers
FIA ERC4 for Drivers and Co-Drivers
FIA ERC4 Junior (for drivers only)
ERC Open for Drivers and Co-Drivers

A new era is here

To score ERC points, drivers must use tyres from a registered manufacturer. For 2022, MICHELIN, MRF and Pirelli have registered. Tyre use is restricted according to category.


Testing is restricted to control costs, essentially to one day per rally.

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